Ecological Farming Practices Needed To Achieve New Climate Targets

Emily Nink

Farmers are responsible for much of the world’s land use and associated climate emissions, and are key partners in the global effort to reduce the environmental impact of human activities. In the wake of a new climate agreement from world leaders, achieved in Paris at the 21st Session of the Conference of Parties (COP21), farmers across the globe are creating innovative solutions to ecological challenges every day. A new interim report from The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Agriculture and Food (TEEBAgFood) reveals the true worth of eco-agri-food systems, helping policymakers to better understand the complex links between ecosystems and food.

The interim report—featuring compelling data from these metanalyses—precedes a series of other reports that will present 1) scientific and economic foundations to address core theoretical areas of biodiversity, ecosystems, and agricultural externalities; 2) policies, production, and consumption to focus on policy evaluation for topics such as food waste and food safety; and 3) synthesis to extract key messages and recommendations from the findings of the core reports, addressing a broad readership. All of the publications will contribute to a better understanding of the economic tradeoffs between agricultural productivity in the short term and ecosystem productivity in the long term, aimed at incentive mechanisms that can facilitate a livable future. 

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