After petroleum, coffee is the world’s second most valuable traded commodity. It is now grown in more than 50 countries worldwide, but is originally native to Ethiopia in the Horn of Africa. In recent years, the country has usually ranked in the top 10 of the world’s largest coffee-producing nations (measured in thousands of bags), along with Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, Indonesia, India, Honduras, Peru, Guatemala, and Mexico.
You may know what roasted coffee beans look like, but this bean is actually the product of a fruit. Pictured above, coffee beans (which are green before roasted) are actually encased in the "cherry." The fruit grows best at high altitudes in tropical climates, turns bright red when ripe, and is usually only harvested once a year.
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