5 Essential Korean Dishes to Know

Going through the basics of Korean cuisine with Hyosun Ro
Hyosun Ro Bulgogi is one of the most easily recognized and popular dishes in Korean cuisine.

It can be both intimidating and exciting to approach a new cuisine, whether one is trying a new restaurant, heading to a friend's house for dinner, or trying to cook an unfamiliar dish for the first time. Perhaps we should say especially if someone is trying to cook something new for the first time.

But, armed with the right ingredients and a few simple tips, it can be a lot of fun. And the surprising thing is, often many of the techniques that one may already be familiar with translate over to a new cuisine.

Such is the case with cooking Korean food. We got in touch with Hyosun Ro, author of the award-winning blog Eating and Living, who kindly offered to walk us through the basics of Korean cuisine for someone approaching it for the first time. It's certainly easier than one would think. Ro says, "Most Korean dishes are relatively simple to make. If you have a few essential ingredients at hand, you can put together delicious Korean dishes fairly easily." Here's the rest of our chat.

For someone who is new to Korean cuisine, what five dishes would you suggest cooking?

Bulgogi is the first one that comes to my mind. Bulgogi is one of the most well-known dishes. It is made with thin slices of beef marinated in a slightly sweet soy-based sauce. The same marinade can also be used for chicken or pork.

Click here to see the Beef Bulgogi Recipe. For a healthier alternative, also try the Chicken Bulgogi Recipe.

Pajeon is a savory Korean pancake made with scallions. This is also very simple to make. Throw in some scallions and seafood (usually a combination of squid, shrimp, mussels, oysters, and clams) into the flour-based batter and pan-fry until crispy. In no time, you’ll have one of Koreans’ favorite snacks/appetizers.

Click here to see a variation on pajeon, Mung Bean Pancakes.

Japchae is a traditional noodle dish made with sweet potato starch noodles (dangmyeon) as well as beef and vegetables. The cooking process seems involved because the ingredients are separately cooked to develop the layers of flavor, but each step in the process is very simple for this delicious and colorful dish.

Click here to see the Japchae Recipe.

Bibimbap is another great dish to make. It’s basically a collection of several easy-to-make side dishes (banchan) using common vegetables such as spinach, cucumbers, zucchini, carrots, bean sprouts, etc. Again, the recipe does seem long, but it’s not difficult at all. This is a good way to learn how to make a few simple side dishes.

Click here to see the Bibimbap Recipe.

No Korean meal is complete without kimchi. While the traditional Napa cabbage kimchi is not one of the easiest Korean dishes to make, there are many quick and easy kimchi varieties you can make with more common vegetables like cucumbers and green cabbage.

Click here to see the Kimchi Recipe.

For tips, advice, and more recipes, continue to the next page.

What are the ingredients a cook should keep in the pantry (and in the fridge) that are essential to many Korean dishes?

It's a good idea to always have some gochugaru (Korean red chile pepper flakes), gochujang (Korean red chile pepper paste; pictured at left), doenjang (fermented soybean paste; pictured at right), soy sauce, sesame oil, and rice wine. For the first three ingredients, you’ll need to make a trip to a Korean market or buy online. For authentic flavors, there simply is no substitute for them. These days, you may be able to find the other ingredients at your local grocery store. (Photos courtesy of flickr/johl and Wikimedia/Badagnani, respectively)

Also, garlic, ginger, scallions, and onions are very important for Korean flavors, so always keep them on hand. Finally, I always keep dried anchovies in my freezer. Dried anchovies are used to make stocks that serve as a flavor base for many Korean soups and stews.

 

What are some techniques that cooks should be familiar with to be successful with Korean cooking?

Similar to Western cooking, blanching, stir-frying, braising, and grilling are all very common in Korean cooking. Korean vegetable side dishes are mostly blanched and/or stir-fried. With these two techniques you’ll be able to prepare many delicious vegetable side dishes. Braising is also a technique traditionally used for main dishes like braised beef short ribs (galbijjim) and braised chicken (dakjjim). Many side dishes are also braised, such as braised tofu (dubu jorim) and braised potatoes (gamja jorim).

Click here to see the Galbijjim Recipe.

 

Can you describe the typical flavor profiles in Korean cuisine?

Korean food is known to have bold and spicy flavors, kimchi being most representative. There are also plenty of dishes, like rice cake soup (tteokguk) and milky beef bone soup (seolleongtang), that not only are mild but also subtle and complex, relying on well-developed stocks.

Typically, a wide variety of flavor combinations plays into Korean cuisine. The saltiness comes from various sources (salt, soy sauce, fermented soybean paste, fish sauce, etc.), and often the saltiness is countered with slight sweetness, in dishes like bulgogi and galbijjim. A small amount of sugar is used in many other dishes to round out the saltiness or heat.

Another important flavor combination is salt and acidity. This is achieved by adding some sort of vinegar or through the fermentation process as in kimchi. In most Korean dishes, garlic, ginger, sesame oil, and chile peppers play an important role.

Click here to see the Tteokguk Recipe.

 

It seems like Korean home cooking tends to require a fair number of ingredients and a good amount of prep. Are there any shortcuts you use on a day-to-day basis?

Most Korean dishes are actually very flexible! You can easily omit or replace certain ingredients in the recipes without compromising the authenticity of the dishes. For example, my bibimbap recipe uses seven toppings, but sometimes I only add three or four toppings, depending on what I happen to have in the fridge. It’s still delicious!

As far as saving time, when I make stock (beef, chicken, or anchovy) I make much more than I need and freeze the rest. This comes in handy the next time I need stock. I also make other dishes, such as soups, marinated meat, mandu (dumplings), etc. in large quantities and freeze them for a quick meal in the future.

Click here to see the Mandu Recipe.

A mandoline or food processor can also help cut down on prep time. Korean cooking tends to require a lot of chopping, slicing, or cutting into matchsticks, but those kitchen tools can definitely help speed things along.
 

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