Why Schools Should Be on the Frontline in Combating Malnutrition

From foodtank.com, by Francis Peel
Why Schools Should Be on the Frontline in Combating Malnutrition

To celebrate International School Meals Day in early March, schools from around the world shared their experiences of school meals. It was fun way for school kids to learn what’s on their plates and on what children the other side of the world will be eating.

However given the depressing regularity of nutritional bad news focusing on obesity or malnutrition perhaps policy makers should be just as excited by school meals and the wider school health and nutrition movement which can provide countries with the tools to tackle this problem.

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 42 million infants and young children under 5 are overweight or and this figure is likely to top 70 million by 2025. At the same time, in low and middle income countries, over a fifth of children under 5 are affected by stunting due to poor diets. Often the same children are suffering from the double burden of malnutrition resulting in stunted due to poor diets followed by a higher propensity for obesity later in life.

The need for a coordinated response led the WHO to establish the Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity

This commission is sorely needed. According to a new six part series on obesity published by the Lancet, the global progress towards tackling obesity and its associated issues had been “unacceptably slow," with only one in four countries implementing a policy on healthy eating by 2010.

In the drive to develop integrated health policies governments and international partners can look to the education sector, which has a long and successful track record in working collaboratively with sectors including health,  agriculture, and natural resources to develop school health and nutrition programs that focus on making children fit and able to learn.

School health and nutrition programs can provide the policies and skills based health education which will protect children as they grow up.

Skills for healthy living

Since 2003, Japan is one of the few countries to buck global trends and actually reduce year on year its obesity rates. This has been achieved by the government’s early adoption of food education in schools. Skill based education programs provide children with knowledge, attitudes and habits to live a healthy life is an incredibly effect means to cut down on obesity.

This skills-based health education is a core component of the globally recognised FRESH or Focusing Resources on Effective School Healthframework, which is used by governments the world over to develop sustainable SHN programmes that work.

Balanced school meals

State of School Feeding, a World Food Programme publication written with the support of the Partnership for Child Development and the World Bank, found that virtually every country in the world provides school feeding at some level. This amounts to around 368 million children sitting down to a meal each school day.

This represents a prime opportunity to provide children with nutritious food and to educate them about the balanced diets. Home Grown School Feedingseeks to provide school meals sourced from local smallholder providers. Rather than relying on imported heavily processed food this reconnects schools with a local and varied food basket.

This concept has been firmly adopted by the Ghana School Feeding Programme which feeds 1.6 million school children a hot nutritious meal made with ingredients grown locally. Instead of just filling the children up with starches the programme is seeking to improve the nutritional intake of children through the use of an innovative online schools meals planner, enabling enables caterers to accurately calibrate the nutritional value of their cooked meals.

The initiative also encompasses community and school based skilled based education programmes to educate both school children and their families about healthy diets.

Using schools as a platform to tackle both under and over nutrition is even more effective when these programs are integrated with education and infrastructure for water and sanitation and deworming interventions.