Which came first, the domestication of fowl or human consumption of the egg?Humans have been eating eggs since ancient times, although the recipes we use have surely come a long way. Some scholars think domestication of fowl began around 6,000 B.C. in China. Ancient Romans ate peafowl eggs, while pigeon eggs were popular in China; the Phoenicians had ostrich eggs, and elsewhere people have consumed the eggs of gulls, pelicans, ducks, geese, turtles, and even alligators.
Eggs are rich in protein, essential fatty acids, and minerals like zinc, iron, and copper. They are also a good source of vitamins D, B2, and B12. Eggs are also good for heart health, due to their high concentrations of betaine and choline, the latter of which is especially important during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Traditional Chinese medicine also hails eggs as good for strengthening blood and increasing energy.
In honor of World Egg Day on Friday, October 9, here’s how 16 countries around the world enjoy eggs.
Australia: Bacon, Egg, and Barbecue Roll
Additional reporting by Emily Alford.