To say the modern world is constantly evolving and rapidly changing is an understatement, and there are certain etiquette guidelines and rules that feel… outdated. Kissing a woman’s hand when introduced, for instance, is less than charming in the 2010s. To figure out how to best navigate the waters of etiquette in the 21st century, The Daily Meal reached out to five etiquette experts to see just how much things have changed.
We corresponded via email with Sharon Schweitzer (an expert in etiquette and modern manners and founder of Access to Culture), Angie Allison (chief etiquette officer and master etiquette trainer at Daily Protocol), Myka Meier (founder and director of Beaumont Etiquette), Jennifer Porter (a manners instructor in Seattle), and Jodi Smith (etiquette consultant from Mannersmith Etiquette Consulting) to get their insights on modern etiquette.
During an era in which age and gender can be touchy subjects, is it still appropriate to refer to your elders as “ma’am” and “sir”? Should you ditch the BYOB gathering once you graduate college, or is that a perfectly fine way to cut your own party planning budget and ensure your guests have their favorite drinks on hand? Who pays for a date? How do you let your host know about food allergies? There are more etiquette questions than you can even imagine, but luckily we have the answers.
According to Sharon Schweitzer, an expert in etiquette and modern manners and founder of Access to Culture, the answer to this puzzling question depends on where you came from. “Depending on where you were raised, and if it was in the South or in a military home, you may use ‘ma’am’ and ‘sir…’ If you want to succeed, get that promotion, and be well received by the family, when addressing an adult that is older than you are, it is best to be formal until invited to be informal,” she said. However, she noted that if you don’t wish to use “ma’am” or “sir,” you can use a more informal yet respectful “Mr.” or “Miss.”
Angie Allison, chief etiquette officer and master etiquette trainer at Daily Protocol told us “this practice has never gone away, and is such a kind gesture and a day brightener.” Indeed, it’s an easy way to be more polite! Allison notes that this courtesy should especially be practiced for people who may be using a cane, pushing a stroller or carrying large items — regardless of gender. “Whether you’re a man or woman, boy or girl, hold the door open for the person who is close behind you,” she said. “If you’re in a group or walking a little ahead of others, be kind and open the door in advance.”
“You shake hands in a business situation, with two pumps, and a 3-pump handshake is appropriate for social situations,” Myka Meier, founder and director of Beaumont Etiquette, told us. “Air kisses and hugs are greetings for friends and close associates. While a cheek kiss, where your lips touch the other person’s cheek, is reserved for close relatives such as grandparents. It’s one kiss in the U.S. and two (or even three!) in many other countries, including those that are European or Latin countries.”
Jennifer Porter, a manners instructor in Seattle kept her advice on using social media simple: Rely on the Grandmother Test. “If you wouldn’t be proud to show your nana your latest post the next time you see her, don’t post,” she noted. Sounds easy enough!
Listen, it’s never great to bail on a date, but according to Porter, etiquette is all about making people feel comfortable and valued, so you should cancel by phone call or at worst a voicemail. That’s an easy way to be rude — even if you don’t realize it! “Please do not text any type of cancellation,” Porter said. “A text is cheap in both effort and time. Invest in people to build the types of relationships you want.”
Who pays for a meal on a date? According to Meier, it has “nothing to do with gender anymore.” “Whoever invites the other person and chooses the location should pay. It’s perfectly good etiquette however, for the person invited to offer to share the costs,” she said.
One of the trickiest thing about modern manners, Schweitzer said, is that it’s not one-size-fits-all. “Etiquette can be situational, and this is one because you need to know your audience. Historically, with formal dinner parties, guests expect the host/hostess to furnish all of the cuisine and adult beverages. The hostess doesn’t expect the guests to come empty-handed as they may ask how they can assist with the planning or bring a small host gift,” she noted. “However, if the meal is a casual gathering or informal brunch, then it’s the perfect time to respond to the question of ‘What can I bring?’ with ‘Bring your favorite adult beverage.’ Be sure to explain whether they will be sharing it with everyone or consuming it themselves. If the guests don’t ask about BYOB, then bring up the topic and tell them.” It’s all about open and honest communication.
“It is best to respond to an invitation within 24 hours,” Schweitzer said. You probably know whether or not you’re going to go, after all. “That being said, many times calendars must be coordinated, and so it can take 48 to 72 hours. The main goal is to avoid keeping the host waiting as they must provide a headcount for catering, seating, etc. Be polite and RSVP!”
In a world where everyone seems to have a gluten intolerance, dairy allergy, or aversion to seafood, how does a host navigate the dietary needs and restrictions of a guest? According to Meier, “a host should always ask their guests if they have any dietary restrictions or food allergies as soon as they RSVP.” She noted that if the host does not ask, then it’s up to the guest to tell the host about any food allergies with enough advance notice so that the host has time to prepare.
Everyone wants to bring a friend to an event or dinner party, but who gets one? According to Allison, it’s up to the host or hostess. “If you receive an invitation inviting you ‘and guest,’ by all means please do bring a guest if you’re so inclined,” she said, adding that you should let your host know the guest’s name ahead of time.
Allison has a simple answer: No. You can’t just bring a plus-one without asking. “Be mindful, as a guest, that a host has a budget, menu, and other event considerations, and may not be able to accommodate additional people.” However, she did note that if you’ve been invited to an event without a plus-one, and you’ve become involved in a serious relationship or are newly engaged, it’s fine to decline and let the host know why. Then, in most scenarios, the host will extend the invitation to your significant other.
This one is another simple answer: “Always!” Porter said. “Never arrive empty-handed, whether it’s a dish to share at the meal, a gift of freshly cut flowers, or a bottle of the host’s favorite beverage.”
Jodi Smith, a nationally known etiquette consultant from Mannersmith Etiquette Consulting, says we all know the typical host gifts: wine, chocolates, gourmet cookies, decorative towels, candles, beautiful writing paper, plants, flowers, or a small toy for the child/pet of the house. But if you can, put a bit more thought into your token of appreciation. “If you are arriving from afar, it is thoughtful to bring a ‘specialty’ from your location. Think macadamia nuts from Hawaii,” she said. “Of course, if you know the host well, you can give something more personalized.”
“Thank you notes are both a gift of expression and appreciation. It really doesn’t matter what form your thanks takes as long as it’s sincere, prompt, and conveys gratitude,” Porter said of the sometimes-dreaded practice everyone’s parents made them do. “That said, nothing replaces the beauty of a handwritten thank you note. A note is both thoughtful and intimate. Your handwriting shows your appreciation through the effort it took to draft, write, and send your thank you note. Take the time to show how much you care.”
There seems like no greater faux pas than drinking from a water glass that isn’t yours. So how do you navigate a more formal table? Schweitzer said it’s important to know your “table map.” “Starting from left to right, think BMW — bread, main, and water,” she noted. “The bread plate is on the left above or near your forks, the main plate is in the middle, and the water glass is on the right of the knives.” Fancy car, fancy dinner: They go hand in hand.
Napkin etiquette is oddly complex, so how do you navigate it? According to Smith, “[a] napkin on the chair signals you are returning to the table. Napkin on the table means you have left the meal.” And if you’re getting up from the table to greet someone, “please take the time to put your napkin on your chair. Otherwise, you look like you are clutching a security blanket as you move about,” Smith said. And no one wants that.
Schweitzer reminded us that it’s been considered rude to put your “purse, man-purse, or cell phone on the table” since Emily Post’s 1922 edition of Etiquette in Society, in Business, in Politics and at Home. “It is also unhygienic,” she noted. So, what should you do? “Plan to bring a small purse to the event and place it on your lap underneath your napkin. If a small purse isn’t possible, and many times it just isn’t practical, then place the bag under the table in between your feet,” she said. “I place one strap or both straps over my ankle to maintain ownership. Depending on the venue, you may also use a handbag hook to hang it under the table.”
This etiquette mistake is all too common. But if you have an emergency, what should you do? “Generally, you should not be answering your phone at the table,” Smith said. “Your mobile devices should be completely off and away so that you can give your attention to your tablemates. If you are expecting an important call you should preemptively let your tablemates know so that if you have to answer, you are not being too rude. Simply say ‘excuse me’ and leave the table.”
Oops! You dropped your fork, Meier’s answer to this issue was simple: “If a utensil or napkin drops to the floor in formal dining, you should leave it there and politely request another one,” she said. The five-second rule is a myth, anyway, so not only is picking up your dropped utensil unflattering, it’s also unhygienic.
This is a pretty set etiquette rule that has gone unchanged over time. “Everyone should be waiting for everyone to be served,” Smith said. “The food is not going to freeze over waiting for the meals to be placed down. Not to mention it is embarrassing to dig in only to have the host give a welcome toast or a prayer. The exception is when the host insists. Then you will wait until nearly everyone is served before taking the tiniest of nibbles. You start too soon and you will be finished before the rest of the guests.”
“It’s never appropriate or polite to slurp, whether a drink or a broth,” Allison said. “If you have a bit of gravy or sauce, it’s OK to spear a bite-size piece of food onto your fork and discreetly finish up the last little bit. With a bit of broth left in your soup bowl, tip your bowl facing away from you, dip and delicately pull away your spoon (to prevent drips on the table or your lap) and quietly bring the spoon to your mouth to finish enjoying the broth.” What a great way to not waste an incredible bowl of soup!
“While most Americans were taught to finish everything on their plates, almost everywhere else it is considered a sign that your host has not provided enough food to satiate your appetite,” Smith noted. “Beware, it is often better to leave at least a little of your entrée on your plate so that your hosts know you have had enough food.” And now that these questions are answered, revisit your own habits and consider whether or not you’re making these common dining etiquette mistakes.
More From The Daily Meal:
15 Nice Things You Need to Say More Often
15 Ways You Didn’t Know You Were Being Rude
The 20 Rudest Things You Can Do in a Restaurant
15 Ways You Didn’t Know You Were Being a Terrible Party Guest
18 Little Things You Can Do to Be a More Polite Person