Which came first, the domestication of fowl or human consumption of the egg? Humans have been eating eggs since ancient times, although the recipes we use have surely come a long way. Some scholars think domestication of fowl began around 6,000 B.C. in China. Ancient Romans ate peafowl eggs, while pigeon eggs were popular in China; the Phoenicians had ostrich eggs, and elsewhere people have consumed the eggs of gulls, pelicans, ducks, geese, turtles, and even alligators. In honor of World Egg Day on Friday, October 9, here’s how 17 countries around the world enjoy eggs.