With summer fast approaching, you’ve most likely got barbecue — and ribs in particular — in mind. But not all ribs are created equal. While they’re all taken from the same part of the pig (the ribcage, obviously), the part of the ribs they’re taken from, and the way they’re cut, can have a major effect on the final product, as well as the final product’s name. Just to clear up any confusion, here’s a quick primer to the different types of pork ribs out there.
Baby Back Ribs
These ribs (top) are taken from the section closer to the back (as the name might imply), and tend to be rather small but very meaty and relatively low in fat.
It’s pretty simple: The rib cage is cut in half through the middle; the half closer to the spine are baby backs, and the half closer to the belly are spareribs. But it gets a little more complicated:
St. Louis-Style Ribs
St. Louis ribs start off as spareribs, but they’re trimmed down (the sternum, cartilage, and rib tips are removed) to a rectangular shape and more uniform appearance that’s easier to cook and eat. Most of the spareribs you see are St. Louis-cut.
Kansas City-Style Ribs
These are spareribs that are trimmed less closely than St. Louis ribs, with only bone removed and not cartilage.
Rib tips are found at the very bottom of the rib cage, where the spare ribs meet the sternum. There’s no bone in them, just cartilage, so while there’s still plenty of meat to be had, they’re trimmed away when preparing St. Louis ribs.
This is actually a bit of a misnomer. Country-style ribs are cut from the end of the loin closest to the shoulder, and are very meaty and contain no rib bones, just parts of the shoulder blade (which is sometimes cut away).
Let’s not even go there.